Submission Preparation ChecklistAs part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
All manuscripts must be clearly written in English, with preference for American English and spelling . Always “spell check” your manuscript using MS Word Spell Check before submission. Only manuscripts that are written in clear and concise English will be accepted for review..
Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word with 1.5 Line Spacing using Arial font type and font size 10.
Manuscripts can be submitted in three categories: Regular Articles, Short Communications and Review Articles.
Regular Articles: These are complete descriptions of current original research findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be between five and twenty pages.
Short Communications: Short communications are concise articles suitable for recording the results of completed small investigations. The work reported needs to be technically sounded, innovative and significantly unique. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 3 printed pages (6-8 double spaced pages) in length.
Review Articles: Review articles do not cover original research but rather accumulate the results of various articles on a particular subject matter into a coherent narrative about the state of the art in that field..
Manuscripts must be submitted with a full title of not more than 250 characters. It should be specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the subject field. Avoid abbreviations if possible. Where appropriate, authors should include the species or model system used (for biological papers) or type of study design (for clinical papers)., Titles should be typed in bold, centered at the top of the article and typed in Arial font size 16.
Authors and Affiliations
All authors’ names should be listed in the following order: • First names (or initials), • Middle names (or initials), and • Last names (surname, family name). Initials are preferred. If authors have the same address (e.g. same department and institution, no numbering of authors is needed. If they are from different department and/.or institution, numbers should be placed behind surname.
Example: E. J. Johnson1, M..A. Jokodele2 and M. F. Abubakar2
1Department of Geological Sciences
2Department of Chemical Sciences
Fordham University, Irele
Ondo State, Nigeria
Each author should list an associated department, university, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), and country. The correctness of the authors name and affiliation is of great importance as this may not be changed after initial submission unless under strict and special consideration.
To qualify for authorship, one should contribute to all of the following:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND • Final approval of the version to be published; AND • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author must have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Those who contributed to the work but do not qualify for authorship should be listed in the acknowledgments. When a large group or center has conducted the work, the author list should include the individuals whose contributions meet the criteria defined above, as well as the group name. The habit of including names of people who did not contribute to the research or manuscript (just friends) is strongly discouraged, and is considered as academic fraud..
One author should be designated as the corresponding author, and his or her email address and other contact information should be included on the manuscript cover page. This information will be published with the article if accepted.
The abstract should: • Describe the main objective(s) of the study • Explain how the study was done, including any model organisms used, without methodological detail • Summarize the most important results and their significance • Be one paragraph • Not exceed 300 words • Not include citation • Not include Abbreviations, if possible. The Abstract should be typed in single (1.0) spacing using Arial Font size 10.
Immediately after the abstract, about 4-7 key words should be provided, which will be used for indexing purposes. Key words should be separated by commas and if possible, words from title should not be repeated as key words.
Abbreviations that are non-standard should be clearly defined in this field to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations must be defined at their first mention. Consistency of abbreviations should be ensured throughout the article. Footnotes and Endnotes should be properly numbered to ensure uniformity.
The introduction should: • Provide background that puts the manuscript into context and allows readers outside the field to understand the purpose and significance of the study. • Define the problem addressed and why it is important. • Include a brief review of the key literature. • Note any relevant controversies or disagreements in the field. • Conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.
Materials and Methods
This section should be clearly presented to allow the reproduction of the experiments. Information/protocols for new methods should be included in detail and relevant literatures to support the study should be cited. Only new techniques and modifications to known methods need to be described in detail. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference. Appropriate statistical methods should be used and indicate the probability level (P) at which differences were considered significant. However, a review article may necessarily not contain this section.
Results, Discussion, and Conclusions
These sections maybe combined into a single section as “Results and discussion” or “Discussion” depending on the article type. It may also be presented separately as Results, Discussion and Conclusion if necessary. These sections may be further divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. These sections should describe the results of the experiments, the interpretation of these results (author should compare the present study with the previous similar studies; References should be cited as well in this section), and the conclusions that can be drawn.
Acknowledgement should be brief and concise. People who contributed to the work but do not fit the authorship criteria should be listed in the acknowledgments, along with their contributions. Funding sources can also be acknowledged in this section.
References should be listed in an alphabetical order at the end of the paper. Appropriate links to the referenced articles should be included wherever available. Authors should ensure that at least 30% of the cited references are within the last 5 years. The following general guidelines should be strictly adhered to by the authors.
- All cited references should be listed in the reference list. • An unpublished work that has been accepted in a reputable journal can be cited. • For review article, author must cite his or her previous work in the related field. • Too many self-citations are not allowed. • Numbered references are not allowed. • Unavailable and unpublished work not yet accepted should not be cited.
All listed references should be formatted in APA citation style. See the Examples below:
[Author (1), author (2), author (3)]. [(year)]. [Title of the article]. [name of journal] [volume no (Issue no), page no (from x1-to x8)].
Example: Adekoya, J. A., Kehinde-Philips, O. O.. and Odukoya, A, .M. (2003). Geological distribution of mineral resources In Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Mining and Geology, 47(1), 1-13.
[Author (1), author (2), & author (3)]. [year]. [Title of the book]. [Name of the publisher], [Edition]. [page no from-to].
Example: Obaje, N. G. (2009). Geology and mineral resources of Nigeria. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, Pp. 285.
In-text Reference Citations
Use the author/date system of references. In the text, refer to the author(s) name (without initials) and year of publication: • Examples for a single author: Adeyemi (2004) has shown that ... … This is in agreement with results obtained by several authors (Ojo, 1995; Nwajide, 1997; Nelson, 1998). • Examples for two authors: Umar and Garba (2000) reported that... This was later found to be incorrect (Ocan and Rahaman, 2002). • Examples for three or more authors (use the first author’s name and then et al.): Obang et al. (1999) stated that... Similar results were reported recently (Smith et al., 2003).
Figures and Tables
Figures and Tables should be provided in a separate file or at the end of the Text.
Figures/Graphics should be clear and prepared in GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint. Figures should have a short descriptive legend that allows readers to understand the figure without referring to the text. All non-standard symbols and abbreviations should be defined. For graphics, the unit in the two axes should be clearly indicated. Figures should be numbered consecutively and cited appropriately in the manuscript.
Tables should be kept to a minimum. All tables should have a concise title. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations if necessary but not compulsory for all tables. The unit of measurement used in a table should be stated. Tables should be numbered consecutively and cited appropriately in the manuscript. Citations in the table should be indicated using the same style as the one in the text. Tables should be organized in Microsoft Word or Excel spreadsheet.
It is used to provide readers with numerical examples or give extensive detail of analytical procedure.
Equations and Symbols
Special characters (e.g, Greek and symbols) should be inserted using the symbols palette available in MSWord. Complex equations should be entered using Math -Type or an equation editor. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text.
Give the scientific names (with authority) for plants, animals, microorganisms, with generic names in full at the first mention, e.g. Escherichia coli. Thereafter, abbreviate them in the text, e.g. E coli; give them in full (without authority) in the headings of sections, tables, figures and key words. Where appropriate, cultivars should be specified and should be in italics.
Acceptance Letter will be issued to the authors via the corresponding author as soon as their manuscript is accepted by the Editor.
MANUSCRIPT PROCESSING FEE
The Achievers Journal of Scientific Research charges $100 US Dollar s or N30,000 Naira per manuscript as the Processing Fee with 50% automatic partial waiver for authors from Achievers University, Owo. The corresponding author will be contacted to make the necessary payment of the manuscript processing fee as soon as their manuscript is accepted for publication. Author should note that ability to make payment does not mean their manuscript will be accepted and publish. Hence, authors are advised to make payment for only accepted manuscript. Author should contact the Managing Editor on any issue related to payment and waiver via firstname.lastname@example.org.
After the acceptance of the manuscript by the editor, all manuscripts will undergo some editorial modification, so it is important to check proofs carefully. The final galley proof will be sent to the corresponding author via e-mail for proof-reading and correction of minor typographical or grammatical errors before publication. Major corrections are not expected at proof stage. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked and returned within 48 hours.
PUBLICATION AND AUTHOR'S NOTIFICATION
All accepted manuscripts will be published as soon as the proof corrections are received by the editorial office. The notice of publication will be sent to the corresponding author via e-mail as soon as the manuscript is published.
This section is for original articles. All submissions undergo a peer-review process. Submissions must comply with submission guidelines.
This section is for review articles. All submissions undergo a peer-review process. Submissions must comply with submission guidelines.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.